Species P. tigris
Subpecies P. t. tigris
Siberian Tiger Basics
The Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) represents a subspecies of the tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) found in eastern Russia, China, and North Korea. It is genetically most similar to the defunct Caspian tiger of Central as well as Western Asia.
Their coarse, red-rust or rust-yellow hue has characteristic longitudinal stripes. Compared to other tiger species, their ground coat is frequently light, and it varies according to seasons and populations. It has a long tail and an elongated torso with short, powerful legs. Siberian tigers may grow up to 60 inches (150 cm) in length and weigh up to 675 pounds (306 kg). However, the majority of extant tigers fall below, including females measuring a minimum of 220 pounds (100 kg).
Tigers are often solitary creatures. They scent-mark enormous regions to take them as a portion of their area. They’ll protect this zone fiercely and hunt whatever food that wanders inside it. Large creatures such as deer and boar, as well as the offspring of even bigger species, may fall into this category. When smaller creatures such as rabbits and badgers are available, they will devour them. After tracking down their target, they use stealth and concealment to attack it.
Female tigers often have litters of two to six pups after a three-month pregnancy, which they nurture with minimal help from male tigers. Cubs cannot forage till they are at minimum 18 months old, and they remain near their moms for 2 – 3 years before striking out on their own. Female tigers may let their female cubs share a portion of their area as adults.
Siberian Tiger Current and Historic Range
Siberian tigers formerly roamed the Korean Peninsula, northern China, as well as Mongolia. In actuality, depending on where it was seen, it was variously known as the “Amur tiger,” “Manchurian tiger,” “Korean tiger,” and “Ussurian tiger.” The surviving population lives in a hilly region of Russia’s Primorye Province, which is part of Siberia, hence the name “Siberian tiger.”
In 2005, just 350 Siberian tigers lived in the jungle. Because of rigorous conservation efforts, populations have remained constant, even growing to over 550 individuals in 2014. However, environmental degradation and unlawful hunting persist to pose a threat to their survival, and the IUCN continues to categorise them as “Endangered.”
Fun Facts about Siberian Tiger!
Tigers are among the most well-known creatures on the planet. They’re enigmatic, elusive, gorgeous, as well as deadly. Despite this, three tiger subspecies went extinct in the twentieth century, while others remain on the verge of extinction. Evidently, despite our common awareness of their awe-inspiring nature and potential to capture our imaginations, they continue to amaze us. We are failing to keep them safe.
The Great Traveler
According to the findings of DNA research, the progenitor of Caspian as well as Siberian tigers “travelled” from Eastern China. populating Central Asia and eventually crossing Siberia through the Gansu-Silk Road corridor.
It is known that modern Siberian tigers traverse vast distances. Despite the fact that their range has been reduced, they may travel up to a thousand kilometres in quest of prey or partners. Siberian tigers have been known to walk up to 60 kilometres every day, according to some reports. With this in mind, it’s easy to see why tiger conservation is so reliant on enormous swaths of untouched wilderness.
This area is home to another unique giant feline. Tigers, on average, spend less time at higher altitudes than leopards. However, in the Changbai Mountains, the Amur leopard’s habitat overlaps with that of Siberian tigers.This is one of the world’s most evasive big cats, along with Siberian tigers. The IUCN has classified it as critically endangered.
Not a Man-eater
Tigers are secretive and will dodge humans at all costs, despite their reputation as lethal menaces. When tigers grow hostile toward people, it is typically because they are sick or wounded and hence unable to hunt effectively. Individual tigers are sometimes driven to such behaviour by declining prey species populations.
This norm, however, has some interesting and disturbing exceptions. In his novel “The Tiger,” John Vaillant tells the story of Vladimir Markov, a poacher in Far East Russia. He injured and shot a tiger before grabbing a portion of its prey. The wounded tiger chased the hunter, trashed his hut, and then awaited his return before killing and devouring him. This unusual instance seems to show the tiger waiting up to 2 days for the shooter before carrying out a vengeance slaughter.
Although there are groups of tigers in India that murder people on a regular basis, this is regarded as very unusual behaviour. People have retaliated by murdering tigers, greatly increasing the danger to tiger numbers.