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Questionnaire Method of Data Collection: An Overview
- A questionnaire is a research instrument utilized to gather information from respondents and includes a set of questions and potential answers printed or typed in a certain order on a form.
- The subjects of the surveys are often sent or distributed by postal service along with a demand for their replies.
- It is expected that informants will read the questions thoroughly, understand them, and offer their answers in the space designated on the actual questionnaire.
- The written format of the questionnaire transforms the relevant information into a series of questions that informants can and will answer.
Characteristics of a Good Questionnaire
- The qualities of effective questionnaires include the following:
- It needs to be a well-written list of inquiries.
- To pique respondents’ attention, the questionnaire should include a relevant or interesting subject.
- The only information which can not be discovered elsewhere should be searched for.
- It must be as detailed and succinct as it is practical.
- It ought to be appealing.
- Directions must be precise and comprehensive.
- It needs to be structured mentally in a logical sequence, ranging from general to specific responses.
- Avoid using double negatives in your inquiries.
- Another thing to avoid is combining two questions into one. Every inquiry should aim to uncover just one particular piece of information.
- It should be created with the intention of gathering data for analysis in the future.
Format of Questions in Questionnaires
- Two types of questions may be posed:
- Closed-ended or restricted inquiries require the respondent to select a response from a list of possibilities, react with a yes or no, or cross items off a list.
- The tabulation and compilation of restricted questions are simple.
- Unrestricted inquiries are open-ended and provide respondents the chance to express any thoughts and sentiments about the subject that are significant to them.
- Unrestricted questions make it difficult to tabulate and assemble data, but they also provide respondents the chance to express their true feelings.
- It is preferable to stick with a few questions that can be measured if the goal is to get data from all responses.
- If you want to study the intensity or range of emotions, you can create a scale to measure such sensations.
Uses of questionnaires
- Commercial firms, government agencies, people, groups, and NGOs frequently employ questionnaire methodologies in order to get information from consumers, customers, or the broader public.
- Questionnaires are the most important part of primary surveys.
Advantages of the Questionnaire
- All responders receive the exact same questions in surveys, which is one of their biggest advantages.
- It is an inexpensive strategy, regardless of the size of the universe.
- Respondents are free from the prejudice of the interviewer since they answer the questions on their own terms.
- Participants are given enough time to think about their responses.
- Due to its vast coverage, it is possible to contact respondents in far-off locations readily.
Limitations of the Questionnaire
- The questionnaire has a significant risk of gathering erroneous and incomplete data since it’s possible that some respondents won’t be able to comprehend the question properly.
- High non-response rates are seen.
- Questionnaire: Definition, Examples, Design and Types
- Questionnaires: The ultimate guide, advantages & examples