- Kingdom Animalia
- Phylum Chordata
- Class Mammalia
- Order Carnivora
- Family Canidae
- Genus Canis
- Species Canis lupus
- Subspecies Canis lupus familiaris
Bearded Collie Basics
The bearded collie is one of the earliest canine breeds in the United Kingdom, having been created to herd sheep and cattle. The name “collie” comes from the Scottish word “collie,” which means “sheepdog.” It is a working dog native to the Scottish highlands, where it has been employed for generations. These dogs’ forebears were most likely Polish lowland sheepdogs that were left in Scotland in the 1500s and bred with local herding dogs from the UK. In 1840, the breed was officially recognized.
Bearded collies have a thin physique and are medium-sized dogs. It has long hair that covers its ears, legs, tail, and muzzle, and it has a shaggy coat. It has a double coat, which is made up of a long, rough outer layer and a short, thick undercoat. They come in a variety of colours, including black, blue, brown, and fawn, and have big white patches or patterns on their chest, feet, and tail.
Bearded collies are smart, active, and powerful dogs. They have a lot of stamina and are quite resilient. These canines are very quick and nimble, making them excellent working dogs. They have a kind and loving personality. These dogs get along well with other animals, particularly if introduced at a young age. Bearded collies need a lot of care and exercise. If left alone for lengthy periods of time, they get bored and may engage in destructive activity.
The Bearded Collie Club of America was first created in 1969 after the bearded collie was first imported to the United States in the late 1950s. The breed gained popularity as a show dog, and it was accepted into the American Kennel Club’s (AKC) Miscellaneous Class in 1977. In 1983, it was granted full membership in the AKC’s Herding Group.
Fun Facts About the Bearded Collie
Bearded collies are a kind of herding dog that has been used on farms for hundreds of years. Selective breeding is a technique used to produce canines with specified desired features. Dogs have a number of amazing biological adaptations that allow them to thrive in certain habitats. Let’s look at it more closely.
Bearded Collie Herding Behaviour
Herding dogs, such as bearded collies, are employed by farmers to handle cattle and sheep. Selective breeding has resulted in this sort of behaviour. Dogs are predators by nature, and humans have been able to develop working dogs that are helpful for herding other animals by changing this habit. Through selective breeding, people have been able to limit the dog’s genetic inclination to consider cattle and sheep as prey while retaining the dog’s hunting abilities.
Bearded collies use a technique known as “strong eye,” in which they stare at creatures until they move. These dogs will always go to the animal’s head and redirect its movement. This is in contrast to other herding dog breeds, such as the Australian Cattle Dog, which would nip at the animals’ heels to persuade them to move.
Bearded Collie Adapted for work
Bearded collies have a robust, slender frame with straight front legs and muscled hindquarters, since they were intended to be working dogs. They have an extremely athletic look, which allows them to travel to vast places and work long hours.
These features make this dog a popular choice among shepherds in Scotland, where the terrain is generally mountainous and rocky, and the weather is sometimes cold and severe. These dogs were supposed to assist in driving the herd to market and regulate the cattle and sheep on the pasture.
Dogs are colour blind
A dog’s vision is dichromate, which implies it has colour vision similar to that of a person with red-green colour blindness. This is due to the fact that a dog’s retina has more rod cells, which see in shades of grey, but human retinas have more cone cells, which detect colour. Rods need much less light than cones to operate, so dogs have significantly superior night vision than humans. It’s not that dogs can’t see red; it’s simply that it’s less bright and seems browner to them.
The tapetum, which is present at the rear of the retina in dogs’ eyes, is an extra layer. Because this layer is reflective, any light that is not absorbed by photoreceptors bounces back and forth, giving it a second opportunity to be identified. This is why dogs have such excellent night vision.
While a dog’s eyesight isn’t very keen, it does have a high level of visual discrimination. Dogs can tell the difference between two people from up to a mile away!